STC comprises legal, institutional, technical, and cooperative policies and procedures for controlling the import, (re-)export and transit of selective strategic (i.e., dual-use goods that can be used for both non-military or military purposes) items. STC policy should be aimed at ensuring that the export of dual-use goods meets at the same time the national interests of the country and its international obligations. STC can be a way to open Central Asia up to new development perspectives with technologically advanced partners. Eventually, the non-renewable natural resources of the region should be used in the most efficient way.